A battery is a device that stores power for a later use. The battery supplies power to a automobile to start and run electrical powered items. A automobile battery is referred to as a SLI battery, which stands for Starting, Lighting, and Ignition. A 12 Volt car battery is made up of 6 cells in a series. Each cell of a automobile battery provides 2.1 volts for a total of 12.6 volts at full charge. A 12 Volt Lead Acid battery has lead plates, and separate plates of lead dioxide which are in a electrolyte solution containing 35% sulfuric acid, and 65% water. This combination of items creates a chemical reaction that releases electrons, making them flow through conductors to produce power. As the battery discharges, the acid of the electrolyte reacts with the materials of the plates, changing their surface to lead sulfate. Once the battery is recharged again, the chemical reaction is reversed: the lead sulfate reforms into lead oxide and lead. When the plates are restored to their original condition, the process may now be started all over again. A SLI 12 volt battery is capable of producing a large amount of power for a short time, where as a marine deep cycle is capable of producing a smaller amount of power for a longer period of time.
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